This collection of texts is intended to accompany an intelligent reader along the path of knowledge concerning the relationship between science and religion. Although such a relationship has recently been the subject of widely publicized debate, great minds have been discussing issues surrounding that relationship for centuries. These pages contain a sampling of some of the most influential speculation concerning that debate, in the very words of those who have helped shape the conversation over the years. The revolutionary Italian scientist, Galileo Galilei, occupies a key and pivotal position in the history of this conversation. Hence, this anthology focuses on his story, often misunderstood and oversimplified, in order to guide the reader towards a greater appreciation of the complexities involved in the study of both science and religion.Fr. Philip Larrey, originally from Mountain View, California, teaches Philosophy of Logic at the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome, Italy. He is also Guest Lecturer on Science and Religion at the Rome Study Center of the University of California. His academic interests include studies in the Analytical Tradition, Classical Philosophy of Knowledge, Metaphysics and the recent debate concerning Neo-Darwinian theories of evolution. His most recent book, entitled Thinking Logically, is available through the Davies Group Publishers (2006).